Starting High School At 8:30 A. M. = Big Money And Better Learning!

California Could Reap Big Economic Benefits With Later School Start Time

 Theresa Harrington  Common Core for Ed Source 8/30/17

While California legislators debate a bill to ban secondary schools from starting before 8:30 a.m., a new report shows the change could contribute $10.2 billion to the state’s economy within 10 years and $24.8 billion after two decades.

In fact, if all schools nationwide were to convert to this later start time, the RAND Corporation and RAND Europe found that the U.S. economy would get an $83 billion boost within a decade.

The RAND report released Wednesday is the first-ever economic analysis of 47 states based on a shift in school start times. It is a follow-up to research by RAND Europe in 2016 that found insufficient sleep among U.S. workers causes economic losses of up to $411 billion a year.

The report comes just as the California Assembly Appropriations Committee is planning to vote on SB 328 — the later school start time bill — on Friday. The Senate has already approved the bill, which could go to a full vote in the Assembly if the committee gives it a thumbs-up.

The economic estimates are based in part on the projected higher academic performance of students including higher graduation rates, along with reduced car crash rates from accidents caused by drowsy teen drivers.

The study also includes a cost-benefit ratio based on increased costs due to changing bus schedules and adding athletic field lights for nighttime games, said Wendy Troxel, a sleep researcher at RAND who co-authored the report.

Based on these estimates, RAND projects that California schools would break even after two years and would reap $3.55 in cost benefits for every dollar spent after 20 years, she said.

“Within five years, the benefits outweigh costs 2 to 1,” she said. “Quantifying these benefits is so important because one of the big challenges in implementing later start times — despite the public health research — is the concern about cost. Really up to this point, there had not been data to quantify the costs or the benefits.”

Sleep research shows that around the time of puberty, teenagers experience a delay of about two hours in their biological clocks, which determines when they feel awake and when they feel sleepy, Troxel said. This is based on the hormone melatonin, she explained.

“Effectively, this means most teenagers don’t even feel sleepy until about 11 p.m. and the peak levels persist until the early morning hours, right when we’re trying to wake our children and get them out of bed,” she said. “A 6 a.m. wake-up time is the biological equivalent of waking an adult up at 4 a.m., because of that melatonin shift.”

It is recommended that teens get a minimum of eight to 10 hours of sleep, she said, adding that less sleep also deprives them of rapid eye movement sleep that is associated with learning, memory and emotional processing — “the building blocks of effective learning.”

Although public health research has also shown that sleep deprivation in teens can lead to suicidal thoughts and obesity, Troxel said the RAND study did not take those into consideration because they were too difficult to quantify economically.

“If anything,” she said, “these are underestimates.”

 Theresa Harrington  Common Core for Ed Source 8/30/17


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Our answer is the world’s hope; it is to rely on youth ­– not a time of life, but a state of mind, a temper of the will, a quality of the imagination, a predominance of courage over timidity, of the appetite for adventure over the love of ease.  Robert Kennedy

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Recess Is Needed, Recommended And Educationally Beneficial

Taken From An Article By Marva Hinton on March 30, 2017 

The Strategies for Recess in Schools

Several Recommendations include:

Physical education should not be replaced by recess, and recess should not be used to meet time requirements for P.E.


Recess should not be taken away for disciplinary reasons or due to poor academic performance.


Physical activity should not be used as punishment during recess.


Recess should be held before lunch.


Other Comments By Researchers

“It’s for all K-12 students, not just elementary,” said Carter. “It may not be the way that it is in elementary school, but it’s still important for older children to have that time to be physically active throughout the day.


“The document includes 19 evidence-based strategies to make recess work and links increased physical activity to improved academics. “Recess Planning in Schools” acts as a companion piece and helps schools figure out concrete ways to implement the strategies.


A group that included nearly 30 expert researchers put the strategies together. The strategies were also reviewed by more than 50 P.E. teachers, administrators, and other stakeholders, including classroom teachers.


It lists “physical activity during exploratory programs, midmorning breaks, and lunchtime intramural activities, or as part of physical activity clubs,” as forms of recess for older students.


The “Strategies for Recess in Schools” document also recommends that recess go beyond the elementary years to include middle and high school.


The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Society of Health and Physical Educators, have released two guidance documents entitled:


Strategies for Recess in Schools

and

Recess Planning in Schools: A Guide to Putting Strategies for Recess Into Practice.”


Other Resources On Recess Importance


Boyer P.

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Our answer is the world’s hope; it is to rely on youth ­– not a time of life, but a state of mind, a temper of the will, a quality of the imagination, a predominance of courage over timidity, of the appetite for adventure over the love of ease.  Robert Kennedy

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Special Education – Required Due Process Hearings

2015 9th U. S. Circuit Court. Of Appeals Required Due Process Hearings

California school districts, and other local educational agencies responsible for special education students, must initiate a due process hearing “expeditiously” and “cannot opt to hold additional IEP meetings…” if the school district and the parents reach an impasse.

9th U. S. Cir. Ct. Of Appeals, I.R. v. Los Angeles U. S. D., 11/17/15,

U.S. App. Lexis 19900 I.R.

E. C. 56346 f.


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Our answer is the world’s hope; it is to rely on youth ­– not a time of life, but a state of mind, a temper of the will, a quality of the imagination, a predominance of courage over timidity, of the appetite for adventure over the love of ease.  Robert Kennedy

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Cyberbullying Harassment Of Students And Help For Teen Parents With Young Children

2016 Cyberbullying – Students May Be Disciplined For Electronic Bullying

Students may be disciplined for either “the creation or the transmission” of electronic bullying content while on or off school grounds.  Still, due process, jurisdiction and free speech issues must be considered when carrying out a suspension or expulsion for cyberbullying.

A. B. 881, 1/1/16

E. C. 48900 as amended


 Help For Teen Parents With Young Children

Schools must provide teen parents with a private, secure room, other than a restroom, to breast-feed an infant child, must allow these students to bring breast pumps and similar equipment on campus and must provide space to store their expressed milk.

Schools are required to provide these students with a reasonable break time to accommodate their lactation schedule and must not penalize them because they use these accommodations.

Students may use the Uniform Complaint Procedures for failure to comply with these requirements.

A. B. 302, 1/1/16


Boyer P.

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Our answer is the world’s hope; it is to rely on youth ­– not a time of life, but a state of mind, a temper of the will, a quality of the imagination, a predominance of courage over timidity, of the appetite for adventure over the love of ease.  Robert Kennedy

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Student Harassment And A Safe Place To Learn Act

2012 “Seth Law” Amendments To Safe Place To Learn Act Addresses

Student Harassment


Assembly Bill 9 Amends The Safe Place To Learn Act And E. C. 234, and requires:


School districts to establish policies that prohibit intimidation and bullying, actual or perceived, based on P. C. 422.55 and  P. C. 220.


School personnel who witness discrimination, harassment, intimidation or bullying to intervene immediately when it is safe to do.


A timeline to investigate and resolve complaints and an appeal process.


Assembly Bill 1156 Amends E. C. 32261, 32282, and 32283

and adds bullying to school safety and crises response plan training.


Boyer P.

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Our answer is the world’s hope; it is to rely on youth ­– not a time of life, but a state of mind, a temper of the will, a quality of the imagination, a predominance of courage over timidity, of the appetite for adventure over the love of ease.  Robert Kennedy


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High School “Sham” Courses Prohibited

Districts are not allowed to assign high school students to “course periods without educational content” for more than one week each semester without written, parent consent and related documentation.

“Inside Work Experience,” “Teaching Assistant.” “Service” and “Home” are examples of the prohibited classes.


Districts must have written parent consent and related documentation to enroll students in classes they have previously completed and received a satisfactory grade for graduation and for California Post Secondary Institutions.

E. C. 51228.2


These requirements do not apply to alternative schools, community day schools, continuation high schools and opportunity schools.

E. C.  51228.1 and E. C. 51228.2


Complaints of non-compliance must be considered under the district’s Uniform Complaint Procedures, with a right to appeal to the California Department of Education.

E. C. 51228.3

A. B. 1012, 1/16, Cruz v. California – Settlement, RG-14727139

E. C. 51228.1, 51228.2 and 51228.3


Boyer P.

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Boyer P. August, Ed. D.

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See our Website at www.studentrightsatschool.org


Our answer is the world’s hope; it is to rely on youth ­– not a time of life, but a state of mind, a temper of the will, a quality of the imagination, a predominance of courage over timidity, of the appetite for adventure over the love of ease.  Robert Kennedy

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No More High School Exit Exam Requirements For Graduation

Students will no longer be required to pass the California High School Exit Examination as a condition for graduation.  Any student who previously completed grade 12 and met all graduation requirements, other than the passing the exit exam, will be granted a graduation diploma.

S. B. 172, 11/7/15


The exit exam will no longer be a graduation requirement.

S. B. 725


Boyer P.

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Boyer P. August, Ed. D.

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Our answer is the world’s hope; it is to rely on youth ­– not a time of life, but a state of mind, a temper of the will, a quality of the imagination, a predominance of courage over timidity, of the appetite for adventure over the love of ease.  Robert Kennedy

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Changing A Grade And Excused Absences

Students have a right to request that any grade be changed.  Numerous levels of appeal exist at the teacher, principal, superintendent, board and court levels.

Grades are final unless you can prove mistake, fraud, bad faith or incompetence

E. C. 49066


Excused Absences

Excused absences include illness, quarantine, medical, dental, optometrical, or chiropractic appointments, funeral services for the immediate family and the illness or medical appointment of a child of whom the student is the custodial parent.

Justifiable personal reasons include, but are not limited to, a court appearance, a religious holiday or retreat, attendance at a funeral service or an employment conference when parents request an absence in writing and the principal approves it.

Students, who are excused from school for justifiable personal reasons, shall be allowed to complete all missed assignments and tests during the absences with full credit available.

These assignments and tests must be reasonably equivalent to those given during the excused absences.

E. C. 48205 a. and b.


Boyer P.

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Our answer is the world’s hope; it is to rely on youth ­– not a time of life, but a state of mind, a temper of the will, a quality of the imagination, a predominance of courage over timidity, of the appetite for adventure over the love of ease.  Robert Kennedy


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Physical Pain At School Is Child Abuse And It Is Illegal

Corporal Punishment Is Physical Pain 

The Legislature declares that the protection against corporal punishment, which extends to other citizens, should include children while they are under the control of the public schools.

Children of school age are at the most vulnerable and impressionable period of their lives and it is wholly reasonable that the safeguards to the integrity and sanctity of their bodies should be, at this tender age, at least equal to that afforded to other citizens.

E. C. 49000


Corporal punishment of students by public school officials is legally prohibited. Corporal punishment means “the willful infliction of or the willful causing of the infliction of physical pain on a pupil.”

Examples of Corporal Punishment include:

  1. Making disruptive students do push-ups, run laps or perform other physical acts which cause pain or discomfort as a punishment.

  2. Paddling, swatting, slapping, grabbing, pinching, kicking or otherwise inflicting physical pain.

  3. Hitting, shoving, pushing or physically restraining a student.

  4. Refusing to allow students to go to the bathroom.

Teachers or school officials who violate this code and administer corporal punishment may face substantial personal civil liability for their actions.

E. C. 49001, A.B. 1617, Chp. 1069, 1/87

Law In The School, For CA Schools, 6th Edition, 8/00


For more information on Corporal Punishment, see

“Project No Spank” at www.nospank.net by Jordan Riak

Author of California Anti-Corporal Punishment Laws A. B. 1617

PTAVE, Parents and Teachers Against Violence in Education


Boyer P.

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Free, K-12 Student Rights, Educational Help Since 1975


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Boyer P. August, Ed. D.

at boyerpa@pacbell.net and 510-499-6712


See our Website at www.studentrightsatschool.org


Our answer is the world’s hope; it is to rely on youth ­– not a time of life, but a state of mind, a temper of the will, a quality of the imagination, a predominance of courage over timidity, of the appetite for adventure over the love of ease.  Robert Kennedy


 

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Mental Pain At School Is Child Abuse And It Is Illegal

Any circumstances, conditions or person who produces, permits or inflicts unjustifiable physical pain or mental suffering on any child or causes the child to be injured or the child’s health to be endangered shall be punished by imprisonment from one to six years.

P. C. 273 a


Students have a right not to be physically or verbally abused.  They must not experience mental suffering or unsafe situations while under school care. These violations are misdemeanors.

P. C. 273 b


Boyer P.

Teacher, Administrator, Therapist, Consultant, Student Advocate


Free, K-12 Student Rights, Educational Help Since 1975


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Contact

Boyer P. August, Ed. D.

at boyerpa@pacbell.net and 510-499-6712


See our Website at www.studentrightsatschool.org


Our answer is the world’s hope; it is to rely on youth ­– not a time of life, but a state of mind, a temper of the will, a quality of the imagination, a predominance of courage over timidity, of the appetite for adventure over the love of ease.  Robert Kennedy


 

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